Principles of Management You Can Use to Achieve Superior Organizational Performance

4. Administrative Management
A classical management approach that attempted to identify major principles and functions that managers could use to achieve superior organizational performance.

Administrative Management stresses that idea from senior managers within a company who believe that management can be taught.

 Mary Parker Follet’s contributions to administrative management, have become classic works. She co-authored Dynamic Administration during a time period she was regarded as an influential writer, speaker, and management consultant.  

Mary Parker Follet’s contributions to administrative management, have become classic works. She co-authored Dynamic Administration during a time period she was regarded as an influential writer, speaker, and management consultant.
 

Henri Fayol, a mining engineer and executive, authored a book that summarized his managerial experiences. 

This book provided straight forward and an  omnidirectional framework for administrative management. He pointed out 5 functions and 14 principles of management.

The five functions are:

  1. planning

  2. organizing

  3. commanding

  4. coordinating

  5. controlling

Which are similar to the core four functions of management:
planning
organizing
coordinating
controlling

Henri Fayol gives these principles flexibility in interpretation by a manager. They are guidelines more than directives.

Henri Fayol’s 14 Principles of Management

1. Division of work - Divid work into specialized tasks and assisgn to specific individuals.

2. Authority - Delegate authority along with responsibility.

3. Discipline - Make expectations clear and punish violations.

4. Unity of Command - Each employee should be assigned to only one supervisor.

5. Unity of Direction - Employees efforts should be focused on achieving organizational objectives.

6. Subordination of Individual Interest to General Interest - The general interest must predominate.

7. Remuneration - Systematically reward efforts that support the organizations direction.

8. Centralization - Determine the relative importance of superior and subordinate roles.

9. Scalar Chain - Keep communications within the chain of command.

10. Order - Order jobs and material so they support the organization’s direction.

11. Equity - Fair discipline and order enhance employee commitment.

12. Stability and Tenure of Personnel - Promote employee loyalty and longevity.

13. Initiative - Encourage employee to act on their own in support of the organization’s direction.

14. Esprit de Corps - Promote a unity of interest between employees and management.

I’ve realized the Marine Corps prepares an individual well to manage and lead others. 

In a life or death situation, being able to understand the objective, who you have as a resource to accomplish your objective, and the best approach to putting that individual in a place to succeed and maximize company goals, is paramount.

Why?

1. Division of Work - The Marine Corps teaches you to be an expert in you craft, as well as to always remember you are a soldier first. 

The objective always remains to be a killer…regardless of how much of a computer expert you are.

In business, you are expected to be an expert of your given job responsibilities and duties. Yet there are times where you will need to understand and show competence in other peoples occupations. 

2. Authority - You’re taught to respect authority from day one. There fore, by the time you are in a position of authority, you have an emotional understanding of what i’s like to be led, as  well as now, what it is like to lead others.