Ayn Rand: The Essence of Objectivism

Ayn Rand Objectivism Philosophy

If you hold this concept with total consistency as the base of your convictions, you will have a full philosophical system to guide the course of your life. hold them with total consistency & volumes of thought.

1.   Metaphysics

A.   Objective Reality

               i. Nature to be commanded must be obeyed.

             ii. Wishing won’t make it so.

            iii.  Reality exists as an objective absolute.

            iv.   Facts are facts regardless of man's feelings, wishes, hopes, or fears.

2.   Epistemology

A.   Reason

               i.         You cannot eat your cake and have it, too.

             ii.         Reason is man’s only means of perceiving reality.

            iii.         His only source of knowledge.

            iv.         His only guide to action.

              v.         His basic means of survival.

3.   Ethics

A.   Self-interest

               i.         Main is an end in himself.

             ii.         Not the means to the ends of others.

            iii.         He must exist for his own sake.

            iv.         Neither sacrificing himself to others.

              v.         Nor sacrificing others to himself.

 

The pursuit of his own rational self-interest and of his own happiness is the highest moral purpose of his life.

4.   Politics

A.   Capitalism

               i.        Give me liberty or give me death.

             ii.         The ideal political-economic system is laissez-faire capitalism

            iii.         As system where men deal with one another as men

            iv.         Not as victims and executioners.

              v.         Nor as masters and slaves.

            vi.         But as traders by free voluntary exchange to mutual benefit.

          vii.         No man may initiate the use of physical force against others.

         viii.         The government acts as a police that protects man’s rights.

            ix.         They only use physical force in retaliation.

              x.         Only against those who initiate physical force first, i.e. criminals, foreign intruders.

In a system of full capitalism, there is a distinct separation between state and economics, for the same reason, there is a separation of church and state.

America’s political beliefs were created with man’s right to his own life, to his own liberty, to the pursuit of his own happiness.

Man’s right to exist for his own sake.

You should not feel guilty in the face of irrational demands.